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Life after treatment
After treatment, you will need regular check-ups to confirm the cancer hasn’t come back and to look for new skin cancers. People who’ve had skin cancer have a higher risk of developing more skin cancers.
It’s important to prevent further damage to your skin. It’s also important to check your skin regularly and visit your doctor every year for a full-body skin check. Using a sunscreen on the face each day can reduce sunspots by an average of 30–40%.
Most skin cancers are caused by exposure to the sun’s UV radiation. Using sun protection during peak periods will reduce your risk of skin cancer.
The UV Index measures the sun’s UV radiation using a scale that begins at 0 and has no upper limit. An index of 3 or above indicates that UV levels are high enough to damage skin, and sun protection is needed.
The daily sun protection times tell you the times of day the UV Index levels are expected to be 3 or higher. The times will vary according to where you live and will change throughout the year. In general, during the summer months in Australia, all states and territories experience long periods during the day when the UV Index is 3 or above. In the late autumn and winter months in southern Australia, the UV Index may fall below 3 and sun protection is not necessary (unless you are outdoors for long periods or at high altitude).
UV radiation from the sun causes skin cancer, but it is also the best natural source of vitamin D. People need vitamin D to develop and maintain strong, healthy bones.
The amount of sunlight you need for vitamin D depends on several factors, including the UV level, your skin type and your lifestyle. UV levels vary across Australia, so the time you need to spend in the sun will be determined by where you live, the season and time of day, cloud coverage and the environment. Using sun protection when UV is 3 or above doesn’t put most Australians at risk of vitamin D deficiency.
The body can absorb only a limited amount of vitamin D at a time. Getting more sun than recommended does not increase your vitamin D levels, but it does increase your skin cancer risk. For most people, just 15–20 minutes of incidental sun exposure, such as walking from the office to get lunch or hanging out the washing, is enough to produce the required vitamin D levels.
After a diagnosis of skin cancer, talk to your doctor about the best ways to maintain vitamin D levels while reducing your risk of developing more skin cancers.
Skin cancer treatments such as surgery, curettage and electrodessication, and cryotherapy often leave a scar. In most cases, your doctor will do everything they can to make the scar less noticeable. Most scars will fade with time.
You may worry about how the scar looks, especially if it’s on your face. Various cosmetics are available to help cover scarring. Your hairstyle or clothing might also cover the scar. You may want to talk to a counsellor, friend or family member about how you are feeling after any changes to your appearance.
Look Good Feel Better is a national program that helps people manage the appearance-related effects of cancer treatment. Workshops are run for men, women and teenagers. For information about services in your area, visit lgfb.org.au or call 1800 650 960.
This information is reviewed by
This information was last reviewed in January 2020 by the following expert content reviewers: Prof Diona Damian, Dermatologist, The University of Sydney at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and Associate, Melanoma Institute of Australia, NSW; Dr Annie Ho, Radiation Oncologist, Genesis Care, Macquarie University, St Vincent’s and Mater Hospitals, NSW; Rebecca Johnson, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Melanoma Institute of Australia, NSW; Shannon Jones, SunSmart Health Professionals Coordinator, Cancer Council Victoria; Liz King, Skin Cancer Prevention Manager, Cancer Council NSW; Roslyn McCulloch, Consumer; Caitriona Nienaber, 13 11 20 Consultant, Cancer Council WA; Paige Preston, Policy Advisor, Cancer Prevention, Health and Wellbeing, Cancer Council Queensland; Dr Michael Wagels, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon, Princess Alexandra Hospital, QLD. Thanks also to Sydney Melanoma Diagnostic Centre for providing the dysplastic naevus photograph, and to Prof H Peter Soyer for providing the other photographs. We also thank the health professionals, consumers and editorial teams who have worked on previous editions of this title.